Water heating for rural homes

It’s less than two months before December, so winter is almost here. As the temperature begins to drop, it will be felt more by residents in rural areas and those vacationing there for the holidays. So if you’re any of the two, it’s best to think about your water heating system ahead of time, specially on how you’ll fuel it throughout the season.


Unfortunately, lots of rural areas, neighborhoods and communities don’t have readily available natural gas. And so, the only choices left are water heaters that use electricity and liquified petroleum gas or propane (for examples of each, go to Anything Water). Propane powered water heaters are installed the same way as those that utilize natural gas, except that you’ll use a propane storage tank instead. Below are the pros and cons of propane water heaters.


  • As mentioned above, unlike natural gas, propane is more available in rural areas
  • Compared with electric heaters, they have higher capacity (with some up to 11 GPM)
  • Furthermore, they have greater heating ability than electric models


  • As mentioned above, you’ll need a propane storage tank. If your house doesn’t already have one, it needs to be professionally installed and regularly maintained.
  • Furthermore, if the house is on elevated land, additional installation work is required to correct the low oxygen at high altitudes. Otherwise, it might produce carbon monoxide if the propane does not burn properly and cleanly.
  • Propane water heaters need proper ventilation
  • Propane will generally cost higher than electricity


Take note that even if you install a gas powered water heater, electrical connection is still required for the operation of the switches and sensors. Such connections must also comply with voltage and amperage requirements and might need to have a dedicated circuit breaker. Furthermore, at least a 3/4-inch gas line is also required.

The best record player is in a rural museum

As large numbers of people leave rural America, small towns are left with only a few things that were once very common. But in Brown County, one of such things that will likely not disappear is its unique history. As time passed by, the relics housed by the Ferguson School and Whistle Stop Depot Museum have become even more culturally significant to the community of Brown County. Each of the artifacts have a story to tell — not only about itself but also of the people from which they came from.

One of the museum’s most underrated relic is the classic Edison Gramophone. And it’s a shame actually, considering that it rivals the Iowa Rock ‘n Roll Music Museum’s collection of old recording studio equipment. Also, it’s more priceless than even the best record player under $100 at Random Life Music. Indeed, it deserves the same attention that the best acoustic guitars get at other rural museums. Almost in pristine condition, it has been taken out from the display so that its beauty could be appreciated more closely.

A gramophone

A gramophone

The machine was given by the late Phyllis Morellion from Mt. Sterling (together with the very popular morning glory horn, nonetheless). Unlike record players though, which use vinyls, the Edison Gramophone plays tunes that are recorded on cylinders of hard wax. It was available from the 1880s until a bit after the beginning of the 20th century, but mostly only affluent homes had one. Now, it’s one of the most coveted record players among vintage music collectors.

Majority of the 1880s machines run on electricity, generally via unwieldy wet cells. At the time, home electricity wasn’t ubiquitously available, and a good spring motor was yet to be developed. And so, they were expensive and more commonly seen in penny arcades (as coin-operated fixtures) instead of homes. They earned good money, much to the regret of Edison, who took long to join the bandwagon of using gramophones for entertainment. The wax formulas that were used were varied, and the best way to listen to records was via tubes (because the sound was faint).

In 1899, Edison introduced The Gem, a low cost gramophone that sold for $7.50. It was reliable and rugged, and it had a loyal customer base in farms and rural towns (which was majority of America back then). Millions were sold, and could have continued to sell, if not for the development of flat discs. The flat discs were louder and sounded more clear, and they had longer playing time. They were produced by Victor and Columbia (Edison’s competitor), who eventually caught up to the cylinders and outsold them. Since then, more developments were made and marketed.

Using new light technology for zapping rural bugs

Insecticides have long helped fight off diseases transmitted by some insects. They have also helped increase crop production in farms and other rural areas. However, they are not without issues. Several insecticides are correlated to cancer, birth defects and other human health problems. Wildlife decline is also being attributed to them.

Insects – especially mosquitoes – are a problem anywhere, not just in rural areas. But the triumphs of modern biodynamic and organic farming are a sign that we might be able to do away with artificial insecticides. Recent developments in lighting technology might soon offer unexpected chemical substitutes: light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and lasers.

The concept of using light to fight off bugs isn’t really new. Most bug zappers, for example, have long exploited the affinity of bugs to light. Green and yellow fluorescent lights are also usually utilized to decrease bug activity in an area. A reflective mulching sheet, when positioned between crop rows, will repel whiteflies and aphids.

But recent developments in lighting technology might soon enable more innovative methods, a few of which might ultimately help decrease the consumption of insecticides. For example, LED technology was borne out of the desire for energy efficiency, but such purpose is now closely rivaled by its other advantages like pest control and light therapy.

One of the most innovative methods, the photonic fence, utilizes lasers to “tag” and zap down flying mosquitoes (kind of like anti-air turrets). Detractors have said that it’s not feasible, because mosquitoes are usually found in rural areas of poor countries where the supply of electricity is unreliable. But thanks to developments in energy technology, the photonic fence now runs on solar power.

Current prototypes of the photonic fence were made to target mosquitoes, but they could be adjusted to aim at other insects as well. Hence, they could potentially be used in farms to protect crops from beetles, flies and the likes. With technology such as this, there might even come a time when rural bugs are zapped before they see the light of day.